The Core Dump The Core Dump is the online home of Nic Lindh, a Swedish-American man living in the Sonoran desert. 2017-07-16T18:11:21-07:00 Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License. Book roundup, part 23 Nic Lindh 2017-07-16T00:00:00-07:00 <p><strong>Mea Culpa:</strong> Geting this book roundup written has taken way too long. I’ve read a lot of books since the last installment, but haven’t had the discipline to jot down my notes, so these are only a few of the books that have scrolled across my Kindle.</p> <p>Most of my energies have gone toward my <a href="">Swedish-language podcast about America</a>. Turns out blogging and podcasting scratch the same itch, but podcasting is way more labor-intensive. And fun! Podcasting is a lot of fun!</p> <p>I believe this is what’s called foreshadowing.</p> <p>Nevertheless, I have scolded myself appropriately, and will take better notes going forward.</p> <h3 id="hillbilly-elegy-a-memoir-of-a-family-and-culture-in-crisis-by-jd-vance-"><a href="">Hillbilly Elegy: A Memoir of a Family and Culture in Crisis, by J.D. Vance</a> ★★★★☆</h3> <p>A beautifully written memoir of growing up in a dysfunctional family of, not to put to fine a point on it, white trash, <em>Hillbilly Elegy</em> does a great job of showing the human cost of an honor culture out of touch with modern society.</p> <p><em>Hillbilly Elegy</em> is honest and raw, drenched in existential despair and hopelessness.</p> <h3 id="gulp-adventures-in-the-alimentary-canal-"><a href=";ie=UTF8&amp;keywords=gulp&amp;tag=thecoredump-20&amp;qid=1500251066">Gulp: Adventures in the Alimentary Canal</a> ★★★★☆</h3> <p>Mary Roach has made her writing career by being utterly non-squeamish and having a breezy and approachable writing style. In <em>Gulp</em>, she manages to make your digestive tract both very interesting and not all that gross.</p> <p>She also found a very plausible theory for the myths about dragons you’ll have to read the book to learn.</p> <p>But above all, <em>Gulp</em> really brings home how our digestive tracts really are us:</p> <blockquote> <p>The great irony is that in the beginning, the gut was all there was. “We’re basically a highly evolved earthworm surrounding the intestinal tract,” Khoruts commented as we drove away from his clinic the last day I was there. Eventually, the food processor had to have a brain attached to help it look for food, and limbs to reach that food. That increased its size, so it needed a circulatory system to distribute the fuel that powered the limbs. And so on. Even now, the digestive tract has its own immune system and its own primitive brain, the so-called enteric nervous system. I recalled what Ton van Vliet had said at one point in our conversation: “People are surprised to learn: They are a big pipe with a little bit around it.”</p> </blockquote> <h2 id="fiction">Fiction</h2> <h3 id="the-stars-are-legion-by-kameron-hurley-"><a href="">The Stars are Legion, by Kameron Hurley</a> ★★★★☆</h3> <p><em>The Stars are Legion</em> turns space opera on its head by instead of imagining vast metallic space ships, it’s squishy and nightmarish, with generation ships designed as organic worlds. Which makes a lot of sense when you think about it.</p> <p><em>The Stars are Legion</em> takes place ages after the generation ships’ creation, long after most knowledge of how they function has been lost into myth. Hurley thrusts the reader straight into the action and does a fantastic job of letting the world building unfold organically—as it were—and there are times when you go, “Oh, <em>of course</em> that’s why things are this particular way!”</p> <p>Like Hurley’s previous works, <em>The Belle Dame Apocrypha</em> and <em>World Breaker</em>, <em>Legion</em> is populated by strong women with agency. As a matter of fact, only women, which is one of those details that makes a lot of sense later on in the book.</p> <p>It’s an engrossing take on space opera, but suffers a bit from a draggy middle where a trek flounders much too long and, as is par for the course for Hurley, you have to be in the mood for terrible, self-centered characters.</p> <p>If you enjoy gritty novels or space opera, <em>The Stars are Legion</em> belongs in your reading list.</p> <h3 id="the-kill-society-by-richard-kadrey-"><a href=";ie=UTF8&amp;keywords=the%2Bkill%2Bsociety&amp;tag=thecoredump-20&amp;qid=1500251292">The Kill Society, by Richard Kadrey</a> ★★☆☆☆</h3> <p>I am a huge fan of the <a href=";ie=UTF8&amp;keywords=sandman%2Bslim&amp;tag=thecoredump-20&amp;qid=1500251928">Sandman Slim</a> series—it’s one of the freshest, most irreverent gothic-slash-noir-slash-tattoos-everywhere series out there, but unfortunately this ninth installment just didn’t do it for me.</p> <p>It feels like Kadrey is struggling with where to take our beloved Sandman next and <em>The Kill Society</em> kind of flounders around, searching. But—<em>spoiler horn</em>—there is a bit of a reset at the end, so the next installment could be great. Fingers crossed.</p> <p><strong>Note:</strong> The links are Amazon affiliate links. If you purchase through them I get a tiny kickback, which motivates me to keep writing these reviews. It’s appreciated.</p> Putting new gaskets on the Kamado grill Nic Lindh 2017-05-02T10:05:00-07:00 <p><img src="/images/grill-hero.jpg" /></p> <p>I’ve had <a href="">my Kamado grill since 2012</a>, and I still love it as much as the day I bought it. If you enjoy the charring of things, I can’t recommend a Kamado enough.</p> <p>They do require a bit of work, though.</p> <p>Every so often you have to clean out the fire box to restore the airflow, or it will take infinity long to warm up. <a href="">It’s grimy work</a>, but doesn’t take very long.</p> </div></div></div> <img src="/images/grill-charred.jpg" alt="Those gaskets have had it" class="img-responsive" /> <div class="container"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-12 contentsmall"> <div class="imgcaption">Those gaskets have had it.</div> <p>You also have to replace the gaskets every few years. My specimen had finally reached that point. According to the Internet, this is easy: Just buy new gaskets—<a href=";tag=thecoredump-20&amp;ie=UTF8">I picked these and they seem good</a>—strip the old gaskets, roll on the new ones, and Bob’s yer uncle.</p> </div></div></div> <img src="/images/grill-scraped-front.jpg" alt="The putty knife is your friend" class="img-responsive" /> <div class="container"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-12 contentsmall"> <div class="imgcaption">The putty knife is your friend.</div> <p>The Internet suggested to me removing the existing gaskets would take less than half an hour. The Internet was wrong. The image above represents over an hour of angry stabbing with a putty knife.</p> <p>The Internet was not wrong, though, that it’s technically easy. It just requires violence.</p> </div></div></div> <img src="/images/grill-scraped.jpg" alt="After scraping with putty knife" class="img-responsive" /> <div class="container"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-12 contentsmall"> <div class="imgcaption">Stabby stabby scrape.</div> <p>After the orgy of violence, get the rest of the grease—<em>oh, the grease, the grease!</em>—off with rubbing alcohol and let it dry. This is Phoenix, so that took less time than getting a glass of water.</p> <p>Really, the amount of grease embedded in the gaskets is horrifying.</p> </div></div></div> <img src="/images/grill-fresh-seal.jpg" alt="Kamado grill with fresh gaskets" class="img-responsive" /> <div class="container"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-12 contentsmall"> <div class="imgcaption">With fresh gaskets.</div> <p>Looks nice and new with the fresh gaskets. Close the grill and let stand for 24 hours to set and you, my friend, are ready to char all the things.</p> </div></div></div> <img src="/images/grill-flame.jpg" alt="Kamado grill with meat" class="img-responsive" /> <div class="container"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-12 contentsmall"> <div class="imgcaption">The flames are your friends.</div> <p>Let me leave you with some more <a href="">shots of the Kamado in action</a>.</p> Wings of Freedom Nic Lindh 2017-04-17T00:00:00-07:00 <p><img src="/images/wings-b17-front.jpg" /></p> <p><i>Front view of B-17 Flying Fortress</i></p> <p><a href="">Wings of Freedom</a> is a program run by the Collings Foundation that flies World War II-era aircraft around America so people can see them in person and optionally purchase flights on the B-17 Flying Fortress.</p> <p>I figured they just can’t keep these old aircraft flying forever, so it was worth it to take a look and actually see them in person while they were visiting Phoenix.</p> <p>There are four aircraft on display, a <a href="">P-51 Mustang</a>, a <a href="">B-25 Mitchell</a>, the last operational <a href="">B-24 Liberator</a>, and a <a href="">B-17 Flying Fortress</a>.</p> </div></div></div> <img src="/images/wings-b24.jpg" alt="The last operational B-24 Liberator in the world" class="img-responsive" /> <div class="container"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-12 contentsmall"> <div class="imgcaption">The last operational B-24 Liberator in the world.</div> <p>All four aircraft are of course worth seeing, but the B-17 Flying Fortress is the icon of World War II bombers, the plane that springs to mind when you think of the bombing campaigns of the European Theater.</p> <p>According to Wikipedia, each Flying Fortress cost about $240,000 in 1945 dollars, which is equivalent to <a href=";year=1945">roughly 3 million in 2017 dollars</a>. 12,731 Flying Fortresses were built. War is expensive.</p> </div></div></div> <img src="/images/wings-b17-bombardier.jpg" alt="View out past the bombardier’s position" class="img-responsive" /> <div class="container"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-12 contentsmall"> <div class="imgcaption">View out past the bombardier’s position.</div> <p>What really struck me about the B-17 is how incredibly cramped it is—the crew members must have been tiny men, especially considering they were stuck in there for hours and hours wearing heavy clothing to ward off the bitter high-altitude cold.</p> <p>Pictures don’t do the claustrophobic nature of the inside of the Flying Fortress justice—you really need to see it in person to appreciate it.</p> </div></div></div> <img src="/images/wings-ball-turret.jpg" alt="The ball turret on the B-17 is incredibly small" class="img-responsive" /> <div class="container"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-12 contentsmall"> <div class="imgcaption">The ball turret on the B-17 is incredibly small.</div> <p>How the air force got <em>anybody</em> to agree to operate the ball turret is beyond me—it’s incredibly small and the gunner is quite literally hanging outside the aircraft while enemies are doing their best to blast it out of the sky. Granted, the aluminum skin on the aircraft provides scant protection, but psychologically, being curled up in a little ball outside the aircraft at 30,000 feet must have been stressful to say the least.</p> </div></div></div> <img src="/images/wings-bombbay.jpg" alt="The path between the front and rear of the aircraft" class="img-responsive" /> <div class="container"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-12 contentsmall"> <div class="imgcaption">The path between front and rear of the aircraft.</div> <p>When it comes to moving around the aircraft, it involves walking a ledge across the bomb bay and having to squeeze across the support structures in the image above. Which as a burly 6-foot-2 man I could barely do wearing just a t-shirt and shorts, so for somebody to do it in full arctic gear seems incredible. Tiny, tiny people.</p> </div></div></div> <img src="/images/wings-oxygen.jpg" alt="The cabin was of course not pressurized" class="img-responsive" /> <div class="container"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-12 contentsmall"> <div class="imgcaption">The cabin was of course not pressurized.</div> <p>The best book I’ve read on the bombing campaign in the Western Theater during World War II is the masterful <em><a href=";ie=UTF8&amp;keywords=bomber%2Bcommand&amp;tag=thecoredump-20&amp;qid=1492391143">Bomber Command</a></em> by the grand master of World War II history Max Hastings. The book focuses on the efforts of the <a href="">RAF</a>, but apart from the RAF flying at night, the RAF and the U.S. <a href="">Eight Air Force</a> faced many of the same challenges and issues during the campaign.</p> <p>Including the morality of area bombings as a part of total war versus targeted strikes as well as the effectiveness of bombing raids altogether. World War II was the first conflict where massive bombing raids into civilian territory were technologically possible, so there was no past experience to draw on—everybody was figuring it out as they went along.</p> <p>And of course, if you’re interested in World War II as a whole, the same Max Hastings wrote the ultimate book on the whole conflict: <em><a href=";_encoding=UTF8&amp;pd_rd_r=39CF5RXS4VM1MG4XWK1B&amp;psc=1&amp;tag=thecoredump-20&amp;pd_rd_w=BC9By&amp;pd_rd_i=0307475530&amp;pd_rd_wg=FQ4J6">Inferno: The World at War, 1939-1945</a></em>, which is so, so good and exhaustive—can’t recommend it enough.</p> </div></div></div> <img src="/images/wings-kia-mia.jpg" alt="The human cost was enormous" class="img-responsive" /> <div class="container"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-12 contentsmall"> <div class="imgcaption">The human cost was enormous.</div> The innocent feel guilty, the guilty feel nothing Nic Lindh 2017-03-18T00:00:00-07:00 <blockquote> <p>The innocent feel guilty, the guilty feel nothing.</p> </blockquote> <p>—<a href="">Estonian Movie <em>1944</em></a></p> Patriotism is often an arbitrary veneration of real estate above principles Nic Lindh 2017-03-04T00:00:00-07:00 <blockquote> <p>Patriotism is often an arbitrary veneration of real estate above principles.</p> </blockquote> <p>—George Jean Nathan</p> The pro market, the nerds, and the vision Nic Lindh 2017-03-03T00:00:00-07:00 <p>Apple used to be all about the Mac and now it is not. Apple is now mostly about iPhone, the product that made the company the most profitable in the world.</p> <p>Speaking as a graybeard Apple person, that Apple is now mostly a mobile device company and one of the most profitable companies in the world is plain insane. Apple has always been the underdog, the company that really got human-computer interaction and then was crushed in the marketplace by Microsoft and its <a href="">strippers and steak</a> sales techniques.</p> <p>And now in 2017 Apple mostly sells iPhones and has lost interest in the Mac.</p> <p>Or has it?</p> <p>Apple is clearly not run by dummies. Tim Cook and his staff know what they’re doing. (They are fallible humans, but when it comes to running a very large consumer products company, evidence shows they are clearly world class.)</p> <p>So why are they letting the Mac languish? Languish in this case personified by the sad, sad case of the <a href="">Mac Pro</a>, which hasn’t been updated for <a href="">1,171 days as I type this</a>. In an industry where yearly updates are expected, 1,171 days is an eternity. To add insult to injury, the price hasn’t dropped a cent. If you go out and purchase one of these rigs, you are paying top dollar for equipment that’s more than three years old.</p> <p>Which is nuts.</p> <p>But the Mac Pro isn’t just a machine, it’s a bellwether, it’s the indicator of how seriously Apple takes the pro market, the people who need the absolute fastest hardware, the people who edit 4K video, who master music with an ungodly amount of tracks, the researchers who build neural nets, the special effects wizards.</p> <p>The people who <em>need</em> the fastest computer hardware money can buy. Not want. <em>Need</em>.</p> <p>And Apple is clearly shrugging, saying “Hope you can find something.”</p> <p>Add to this that progress on Mac OS is mostly focused on integrating better with iOS instead of adding more power, and power users are getting antsy.</p> <p>Anecdotal tales across the Internet have video editors buying fire-breathing PCs and switching to Windows 10. Because why wouldn’t you? If you’re spending your days in a cross-platform app like Adobe Premiere and you have a tame sys admin around to deal with the quirkiness of Windows, why wouldn’t you switch to a platform that works the same as it did on the Mac and lets you buy wicked fast commodity hardware?</p> <p>By the same token, some programmers are switching over to some form of Linux and getting their work done. And why not? If you do web programming and you’re by definition tech savvy, why not pick your favorite flavor of Linux and your favorite hardware and go to town?</p> <p>For me personally desktop Linux is a complete non-starter since I need a variety of tools and apps that only exist on Windows and Macs, but if you don’t, hey, knock yourself out!</p> <p>So why is Apple ignoring these people? After all, these are the fabled power users, the influencers, the ones whose purchasing recommendations affect many people.</p> <p>If you grant that Apple is run by competent people who know what they’re doing, the only reasonable answer is that Apple doesn’t care about that particular market and that the influencers are less, well, influential these days.</p> <p>As more and more people use iPhones and iPads and more and more people are discovering they really don’t <em>need</em> computers for their personal lives, the power users become less of a financial force and thus less of a focus for the company.</p> <p>Apple makes the MacBook/MacBook Pro for mobile users and the iMac for the desktop—a machine that’s powerful enough for all but the most demanding users.</p> <p>Moore’s law, baby. It got us here.</p> <p>What Apple is focusing on now with the Mac line seems to be:</p> <ul> <li>Optimize battery life for laptops. The work Apple has done on increasing battery life for its laptops is no joke, even though they get much too little credit for it.</li> <li>Make the Mac work better for non-power-users.</li> <li>Enable normal humans to accomplish things, like regular backups, that used to require nerd skills or a nerd mindset to accomplish.</li> </ul> <p>Let’s look at the non-power-user market. These are normal humans who need to use a computer for their work, or who prefer to use a computer instead of an iPad for their computering needs—send and receive email, check Facebook, edit photos, edit a vacation video, crunch numbers, whatever it may be. These are not nerds who give a crap about computers, they are normal humans who need to accomplish something that happens to require a computer.</p> <p>And which now requires much <em>less</em> computer power, proportionally speaking, or sometimes not even a computer-computer at all.</p> <p>The fact nerds go to extraordinary lengths to not understand is that this is most humans. Nerds—certainly including nerds who spend a good chunk of their Friday evening writing a blog post about how nerds don’t get it—are a fractional minority. Dollar-wise we don’t matter in the arena Apple is operating in now.</p> <p>Our wants are not their wants.</p> <p>For myself, I’m very happy about the path Apple is taking. <em>They are making it easier to do things that used to require nerd skills.</em> Making it so that a person can have their phone or computer automatically backed up is a massive win for everybody.</p> <p>Way back when I suffered as a Mac Genius in the early aughts, the most painful conversation you could possibly have with a customer involved data loss. I had people come in with a dead Mac and, after running diagnostics, had to tell them the drive was dead and their data was lost forever.</p> <p><em>Yes, that includes the last year of pictures you had of your dad who just passed away. Those pictures are gone.</em></p> <p>It truly sucked to not be able to do anything but say “sorry” to that.</p> <p>(Yes, we recommended customers contact professional data restore companies.)</p> <p>Because most people don’t back up their machines. Most normal people don’t even think about that. Most normal people don’t care about computers. Computers, phones and tablets are only there to help them accomplish a task they want to do. <em>Computers are not interesting in and of themselves.</em></p> <p>For people like me—and probably you, if you’ve read this far—computers in their various forms are interesting in and of themselves and you want to know as much as you can about them.</p> <p>You and I, dear reader, are in the .01% of humanity.</p> <p>Apple is optimizing its products to better serve the other 99.99% of humanity and to enable them to not have to worry about setting up a backup scheme to keep the pictures they took of their dad in the hospital safe from data rot.</p> <p>It’s both good and smart. Us nerds can get our kicks other ways. Let’s help normal humans not lose their data and not get hacked, like Apple is doing.</p> <p>If you look back on Apple from its founding, Apple has wanted to create a “bicycle for the mind,” not an enthusiast machine, not something that is an object of fascination in itself. Look at the very first Mac: A sealed, self-contained device you are supposed to use for other purposes, not to find interesting by itself. But the technology was too primitive to allow the device to become reality and the reality of computing at the time was too messy, but now we are at a point where Steve Jobs’s vision has a chance at becoming a reality—a device that lets people accomplish <em>their</em> visions without worrying about the machine.</p> <p>Nerditry not needed.</p> <p>All that being said, I wish Apple would stop the charade and either update the Mac Pro or kill the line. Having a more than three-year-old machine in the lineup and publicly not caring is not good optics, and is a tinder for the fires of nerd rage.</p> Never retreat. Never explain. Get it done and let them howl Nic Lindh 2017-02-11T00:00:00-07:00 <blockquote> <p>Never retreat. Never explain. Get it done and let them howl.</p> </blockquote> <p>—Benjamin Jowett</p> A wet man does not fear rain Nic Lindh 2017-02-03T00:00:00-07:00 <blockquote> <p>A wet man does not fear rain.</p> </blockquote> <p>—Russian Proverb</p> What to expect when you’re expecting a Hackintosh Nic Lindh 2017-01-09T00:00:00-07:00 <p><img src="/images/hackintosh-front.jpg" /></p> <p><i>Hackintosh with blinkenlights and USB Bluetooth adapter.</i></p> <p>I’ve been <a href="">running a Hackintosh since early 2014</a>, after getting tired of Apple’s refusal to sell a normal mini-tower. You know, a decent machine you can buy and then replace some parts and add some functionality as you go along.</p> <p>It’s important to understand Apple has never wanted to be in that market. Never. For many years, Apple <em>had</em> to be in that market, since that was what the technology could support. But Apple has always wanted to sell toasters—a magical machine that does what Apple thinks you need.</p> <p>And now they do. The technology is here now for that vision to be a reality.</p> <p>You buy an iPhone. The iPhone is what you have. Once there’s a better iPhone you want, you buy it and get rid of your old iPhone.</p> <p>That’s the vision.</p> <p>And I understand the vision. I <em>like</em> buying a new iPhone and have it be great in many ways without me doing any work.</p> <p>But I’m also a nerd, so I’m in the minority in that I actually know—and sometimes enjoy—system administration.</p> <p>I find installing operating systems to be soothing. It’s relaxing to see the little progress indicators go across the screen and see the software packages getting installed.</p> <p>Granted, I am in the vast, vast minority on this. Most people are not like this. At all.</p> <p>Which is fine. Hakuna Matata. (If people like me were the majority we’d still be on Savannah, but starving and spending all our time arguing about the <em>best</em> way to track the wildebeests instead of actually hunting them.)</p> <p>The way Apple is going about things is the right way to get the most customers. They are being very smart and purposeful. And it’s amazing that Steve Jobs clearly saw this way back when personal computers were starting. He was surrounded by people like me and he always wanted to make computers for people who are not like me.</p> <p>But let’s say you’re upset that Apple won’t make a freaking mini-tower, or even—lowest difficulty setting—update the Mac Pro and the Mac Mini to track Intel’s processor upgrades?</p> <p>Why isn’t the most profitable company in the world updating their line of computers?</p> <p>My guess would be that they think it’s boring. They want to make new things. Magical things. Like the Apple Watch and AirPods. Which are great, don’t get me wrong.</p> <p>But that’s magic. Speed bumping the Mac Mini so some nerd will be happy about what he hangs behind his TV or some IT guy uses for the company’s file server? Yawn. That’s the kind of crap Dell does and they can have it.</p> <p>As an aside here, I worked at so many places where all the IT staff were Microsoft Certified and hated “MacinTrash.”</p> <p>Then iPhone came out and the CEO bought one and told the IT staff to <em>make this work</em>.</p> <p>It was <em>delicious</em>. Oh, let’s wallow in this for a minute. <em>Delicious</em>. The assholes who had made my life so much more difficult than it had to be all of a sudden had somebody with weight telling them to do the thing they should have done years ago, and their <em>hurdihur MacinTrash</em> was all of a sudden canceled out by executives getting an iPhone and dictating “make this work” and they could not say no and keep their jobs.</p> <p>That was glorious. “Oh, it turns out your job is to help people do their jobs in the way that’s most effective instead of pushing your own crap?”</p> <p>Sweet, sweet tears.</p> <p>Thanks for indulging that little detour. Back to the Hackintosh. As discussed above, Apple is really good at, and takes very seriously, <em>hiding complexity</em>. That’s their core competency. Take something very difficult, prune away all the BS that makes it unnecessarily hard, then deliver that as a product. This is what made iPod a hit. You don’t have to be a nerd to put your music on an MP3 player! Cue selling infinite millions of the things.</p> <p>The Mac does the same thing, it hides so much complexity, even though it’s still a thing that requires its user to have much more computer awareness than an iOS device.</p> <p>But they’re still hiding a lot of complexity from you. If you go Hackintosh, you have to deal with that complexity.</p> <p>BIOS updates. Driver updates. Bootloaders. Knowing exactly which motherboard you’re using. Apple lets you treat a Mac pretty much as a black box, something you can <em>not</em> do with a Hackintosh.</p> <p>And of course it’s completely and utterly unsupported except for the kindness of strangers on message boards.</p> <p>If you have a problem you will not be hauling your rig to the nearest Apple Store.</p> <p>So what’s it like in practice to run a Hackintosh?</p> <p>You will become intimately familiar with the <a href="">TonyMac x86 forums</a>—that’s the main hangout for the scene and where you will go to see if an update is safe and any necessary workarounds that may be necessary. It’s a pretty friendly place, though the testosterone levels can get a bit out of hand.</p> <p>That’s the first difference with running a Hackintosh instead of a “real” Mac. You can’t assume things will be hunky dory. Always check for somebody who’s running similar hardware to report in that an upgrade went well.</p> <p>The second thing to be aware of is that things like Continuity and Handoff, not to mention Messages, <em>might</em> work for you, or they might not. Depending on exactly which hardware you have and how much effort you want to put in, you might be able to get it to work, or you might not. That’s just life in Hackintoshville.</p> <p>I very much don’t recommend running your business on a Hackintosh—no matter what, sooner or later something will take your machine out of commission and you’ll have to go down a forum rabbit hole looking for clues.</p> <p>That being said, though, once you get the rig up and running it’ll mostly run like a Mac and act like a Mac, so the day-to-day experience is the same as the real thing.</p> <p>The elephant in the room for the Hackintosh is of course Apple’s benevolent indifference: So far the company’s been admirably hands-off with the Hackintosh. They obviously know it’s happening, but haven’t done anything at all to hurt the scene.</p> <p>Which is one of the things to have in the back of your head when thinking about building a Hackintosh: Apple can kill that scene tomorrow if they wanted to. They’re being hands-off right now, but all it takes is somebody at Apple getting pissed off enough to want to dedicate the engineering resources to start a cat-and-mouse game.</p> <p>Personally, I think they’re letting it be as both a push valve where the people unhappy with Apple’s hardware decisions can make their own thing, and as place to watch what the enthusiasts are really interested in—a radar for the feral tribes in the desert.</p> <p>Since I don’t work at Apple I obviously don’t know that, but it feels truthy. There are so few people who get involved in the Hackintosh community that it doesn’t hurt the bottom line in any measurable way.</p> <p>As for myself, my current rig will be my last Hackintosh—I value having a boring machine that just works more than my ability to put whatever boards I feel like in the machine. You might make a different call.</p> <p>And it is a good learning tool—once you’ve figured out how to build the machine and install Mac OS on it, you’ve learned a lot about the things Apple shields you from.</p> <p>I am going to miss the disk access blinkenlights, though…</p> Book roundup, part 22 Nic Lindh 2016-12-15T00:00:00-07:00 <h2 id="non-fiction">Non-fiction</h2> <h3 id="grunt-the-curious-science-of-humans-at-war-by-mary-roach-"><a href=";me=&amp;tag=thecoredump-20">Grunt: The Curious Science of Humans at War, by Mary Roach</a> ★★★★☆</h3> <p>Tons of interesting science about humans at war, especially modern war. Not so much about weaponry and combat, but the stresses violence and existing in chaotic circumstances puts on the body.</p> <p>As an example:</p> <blockquote> <p>For every American killed by battle injuries during the Mexican War of 1848, seven died of disease, mostly diarrheal. During the American Civil War, 95,000 soldiers died from diarrhea or dysentery. During the Vietnam War, hospital admissions for diarrheal diseases outnumbered those for malaria by nearly four to one.</p> </blockquote> <p>Roach writes in an energetic and engaging way, though sometimes the humor feels a bit forced to this stodgy Swede, and there’s some padding even in a short book. But it is fascinating in an often icky way. Roach does emphatically not flinch from ick.</p> <h3 id="1177-bc-the-year-civilization-collapsed-by-eric-h-cline-"><a href=";ie=UTF8&amp;keywords=1179%2BBC%2Byear%2Bcivilization%2Bcollapsed&amp;tag=thecoredump-20&amp;qid=1481064649">1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed, by Eric H. Cline</a> ★★★☆☆</h3> <p>Bad stuff out front first: The book has very little meat on its bones and spends a lot of time being carefully scholarly by telling the reader more about what we don’t know about the late Bronze Age than what we do. And (spoiler) at the end we aren’t really sure what caused a cataclysm around 1177 B.C.</p> <p>The good stuff: We know a lot about what life and civilizations were like in 1177 BC! Which was a long time ago, the Bronze Age, Old Testament times. And it was a complicated world of civilizations, religions, and above all trade around the Mediterranean.</p> <p>It is pretty metal that some Mediterranean civilizations left behind records about the Sea Peoples, who were supposedly doing some serious ravaging, but that we can’t be sure who they were or where they came from.</p> <p>There’s also surprising pathos in some of the old clay tablets, like this one from the <a href="">city of Ugarit</a> after it was overrun:</p> <blockquote> <p>When your messenger arrived, the army was humiliated and the city was sacked. Our food in the threshing floors was burnt and the vineyards were also destroyed. Our city is sacked. May you know it! May you know it!</p> </blockquote> <h3 id="louder-than-hell-the-definitive-oral-history-of-metal-by-jon-wiederhorn-and-katherine-turman-"><a href=";sr=1-1&amp;s=books&amp;keywords=louder%2Bthan%2Bhell%2Bthe%2Bdefinitive%2Boral%2Bhistory%2Bof%2Bmetal&amp;tag=thecoredump-20&amp;qid=1481064838">Louder Than Hell: The Definitive Oral History of Metal, by Jon Wiederhorn and Katherine Turman</a> ★★★☆☆</h3> <p>Oral history of heavy metal as told by the people who lived it, from the first bands to be considered metal in the 1970s up to today.</p> <p><em>Louder Than Hell</em> is interesting both if you’re a metal fan and if you’re fascinated by unstable, self-destructive humans. Because most of the people involved are <em>amazingly</em> damaged in so many ways. I mean, seriously, these are people who need intensive counseling. And I’m not saying that in a condescending way, but in a concerned way. If you have any kind of empathy you’ll read <em>Louder Than Hell</em> and want to help these people.</p> <p>Sure, it’s great you’re able to have all your escalatingly weird sexual fetishes met and you have access to all the drugs, but dude, really? Is this really good for you?</p> <p>Perhaps I’m just old and in dad mode.</p> <p>The biggest issue with the book is that it aims to be all-inclusive, so it suffers by including much too much. There really are only so many stories of drugs and groupies you can read before they start to blur together. If it was edited down to about half the length it would be much less repetitive and more interesting.</p> <h3 id="smarter-faster-better-the-secrets-of-being-productive-in-life-and-business-by-charles-duhigg-"><a href=";url=search-alias%253Dstripbooks&amp;field-keywords=duhigg%2Bsmarter%2Bfaster%2Bbetter&amp;tag=thecoredump-20">Smarter Faster Better: The Secrets of Being Productive in Life and Business, by Charles Duhigg</a> ★★★☆☆</h3> <p>A neurotic New York journalist decides to be less neurotic and neurotically works super hard at finding the best way to be more productive.</p> <p>At times reading this, I just wanted to tell Duhigg to mellow the heck out and perhaps go into therapy. The problem is inside you, dude; it’s not a societal problem.</p> <p>But he does talk to a lot of people, some of whom have really good ideas, so <em>Smarter Faster Better</em> is a worthwhile read.</p> <p>The ideas he finds include taking control of your attention and setting goals in a mindful way.</p> <blockquote> <p>To become genuinely productive, we must take control of our attention; we must build mental models that put us firmly in charge. When you’re driving to work, force yourself to envision your day. While you’re sitting in a meeting or at lunch, describe to yourself what you’re seeing and what it means. Find other people to hear your theories and challenge them. Get in a pattern of forcing yourself to anticipate what’s next. If you are a parent, anticipate what your children will say at the dinner table. Then you’ll notice what goes unmentioned or if there’s a stray comment that you should see as a warning sign.</p> </blockquote> <p>It’s a good book. New Yorkers especially will love it.</p> <h2 id="fiction">Fiction</h2> <h3 id="the-hanging-tree-by-ben-aaronovitch-"><a href=";sr=1-1&amp;tag=thecoredump-20&amp;_encoding=UTF8">The Hanging Tree, by Ben Aaronovitch</a> ★★★★☆</h3> <p>The Hanging Tree is the fourth installment in the <em>Rivers of London</em> series and after the kind of pause and hemming and hawing that was <em>Foxglove Summer</em> it moves the story arc and the character development forward in able fashion.</p> <p>Basically the series follows a policeman called Peter Grant who becomes part of a spook unit of the London Metropolitan Police which investigates supernatural happenings.</p> <p>It’s a really charming series.</p> <p>If you’re a fan, this is a fun read with all the things you like. If you’re not already a fan, you obviously need to start at the beginning with <em><a href=";tag=thecoredump-20&amp;psc=1&amp;_encoding=UTF8">Midnight Riot</a></em> (which confusingly enough is called <em>Rivers of London</em> in the UK).</p> <h3 id="deaths-end-remembrance-of-earths-past-by-cixin-liu-"><a href=";sr=1-1&amp;s=books&amp;keywords=deaths%2Bend%2Bcixin%2Bliu&amp;tag=thecoredump-20&amp;qid=1481065310">Death’s End (Remembrance of Earth’s Past), by Cixin Liu</a> ★★★☆☆</h3> <p>Hoo, boy. <em>Death’s End</em> is the final installment in the <em>Three-Body Problem</em> trilogy and it’s … well … just not that good.</p> <p>If you’re a fan of the trilogy, you probably do want to read it to get closure about the Trisolarians and what will happen to our planet, but Cixin really turns up the darkness that started in <em>The Dark Forest</em> and, well, if you’re looking for a happy ending, prepare to be disappointed.</p> <p>The Universe is dark and hostile, my friends. Dark and hostile.</p> <p>As a Western reader, though, it’s interesting to get the Chinese perspective, and even more to get the Chinese perspective packaged into a traditionally Western form like hard sci-fi.</p> <p>As an example, there’s a scene that really caught my attention where Earth is being evacuated. Our protagonists are at the space port with their ship and find a school class of young children also trying to evacuate, but they only have three seats available.</p> <p>Here’s what happens (AA is a character’s name, because future):</p> <blockquote> <p>“You pick three, then,” said AA. The teacher let go of AA and stared at her, even more terrified than before. “How am I supposed to pick? How…” She looked around, not daring to meet the eyes of the children. She looked to be in utter pain, as if the gazes of the children burned her. “Fine. I’ll pick,” AA said. She turned to the children and smiled. “Everyone, listen up. I’m going to ask three questions. Whoever gives the right answers first gets to come with us.” She ignored the stunned looks from the teacher and Cheng Xin, and held up a finger. “First question: Say we have a light which is off. After one minute, it blinks. Half a minute later, it blinks again. Fifteen seconds later, it blinks a third time. It keeps on going like this, blinking at intervals that are half of the immediately preceding interval. I want to know how many times it will have blinked by the two-minute mark.” “A hundred!” one of the children blurted out. AA shook her head. “Wrong.” “A thousand!” “No. Think carefully.” After a long pause, a timid voice spoke up. The speaker was a gentle and quiet little girl and it was hard to hear her with all the noise. “An infinite number of times.” “Come here,” AA said, pointing at the little girl. When she walked over, AA guided her to stand behind herself. “Second question: Say we have a rope whose thickness is uneven. To burn it from one end to the other takes an hour. How do you use this rope to track the passage of fifteen minutes? Remember, the thickness is uneven!” This time, no child spoke up in a hurry, and they all fell into deep thought. Soon, a boy raised his hand. “Fold the rope end to end, and then burn it from both ends at the same time.” AA nodded. “Come over.” She pulled the boy behind her to stand with the girl. “Third question: eighty-two, fifty, twenty-six. What’s the next number?” “Ten!” a girl shouted. AA gave her a thumb up. “Well done. Come over.” Then she nodded at Cheng Xin, took the three children, and headed for the shuttle.</p> </blockquote> <p>It’s obviously reasonable to want to save the smartest to ensure humanity’s future, but damn, that’s cold. I can’t see a Western novel pull off the same scene without <em>a lot</em> of handwringing about it. But in <em>Death’s End</em> it’s just done and nobody talks about it afterwards.</p> <p>And that isn’t even the dark part of the novel.</p> <h3 id="chains-of-command-by-marko-kloos-"><a href=";sr=1-1&amp;s=books&amp;keywords=kloos%2Bchains%2Bof%2Bcommand&amp;tag=thecoredump-20&amp;qid=1481065382">Chains of Command, by Marko Kloos</a> ★★★☆☆</h3> <p><em>Chains of Command</em> is the fourth installment in Kloos’s very good military near-future sci-fi <em>Frontlines</em> series. In order to remain spoiler-free, let’s just say the series involves humanity escaping from a dystopian Earth and starting to colonize other planets and running into scary aliens. If you’re into military sci-fi, <em>Frontlines</em> is a solid series.</p> <p><em>Chains of Command</em>, though, is fine, but doesn’t really advance the story arc of the series—it feels like Kloos doesn’t know where he wants to go and is stalling a bit while he figures stuff out.</p> <p>Hoping for more story progression in the next installment.</p> <h3 id="who-killed-sherlock-holmes-by-paul-cornell-"><a href=";sr=1-1&amp;s=books&amp;keywords=who%2Bkilled%2Bsherlock%2Bholmes&amp;tag=thecoredump-20&amp;qid=1481065492">Who Killed Sherlock Holmes?, by Paul Cornell</a> ★★★★☆</h3> <p>Yes, the ghost of Sherlock Holmes is murdered in the beginning of the third installment of the <em>Shadow Police</em> series about police officers in contemporary London who are accidentally given “the sight,” enabling them to see all the supernatural things going on in the city.</p> <p>The setup may sound a lot like <em>Rivers of London</em>, but it’s tonally very different—<em>Rivers of London</em> is charming and fun, while <em>Shadow Police</em> is grim and dark, with some extremely unpleasant things going on and with a creeping sense of existential dread.</p> <p>If you’re in the mood for gritty urban fantasy, you won’t go wrong with <em>Shadow Police</em>. But of course, start at the beginning with <em><a href=";tag=thecoredump-20&amp;psc=1&amp;_encoding=UTF8">London Falling</a></em>.</p> <p><strong>Note:</strong> The links are Amazon affiliate links. If you purchase through them I get a tiny kickback, which motivates me to keep writing these reviews. It’s appreciated.</p>